Loving one’s neighbor in JBL and elsewhere

The most recent issue of the Journal of Biblical Literature carries Matthew Goldstone’s essay “Rebuke, Lending, and Love: An Early Exegetical Tradition on Leviticus 19:17–18” (307–21). According to the abstract,

In this article I posit the presence of an early Jewish exegesis of Lev 19:17–18 preserved in the Tannaitic midrash known as Sifra, which is inverted and amplified in Did. 1:3–5, Q 6:27–35, Luke 6:27–35, and Matt 5:38–44. Identifying shared terminology and a sequence of themes in these passages, I argue that these commonalities testify to the existence of a shared exegetical tradition. By analyzing the later rabbinic material I delineate the contours of this Second Temple period interpretation and augment our understanding of the construction of these early Christian pericopae. In commenting on Lev 19:17, Sifra articulates three permissible modes of rebuke: cursing, hitting, and slapping. In its gloss on the subsequent verse, Sifra exemplifies the biblical injunction against vengeance and bearing a grudge through the case of lending and borrowing from one’s neighbor. The Didache, Matthew, and Luke invert the first interpretation by presenting Jesus as recommending a passive response to being cursed or slapped, and they amplify the second interpretation by commanding one to give and lend freely to all who ask. The similar juxtaposition of these two ideas and the shared terminology between Sifra and these New Testament period texts suggest a common source. By reading these early Christian sources in light of this later rabbinic work I advance our understanding of the formation of these well-known passages and illustrate the advantages of cautiously employing rabbinic material for reading earlier Christian works.

In addition, I hadn’t been aware of it, but Goldstone’s n37 refers to John Piper’s SNTSMS publication of a revised version of his dissertation. This volume was republished by Crossway with an additional preface in 2012. As tends to be the case with a very few exceptions, this latest edition of the volume is available as a free PDF via the DesiringGod website.

The Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society‘s current issue has an essay on the command to love one’s neighbor that I haven’t yet read but looks quite interesting too.

Gaventa, “Romans 13”

SBL Press logoThe newest issue of the Journal of Biblical Literature contains Beverly Gaventa’s essay, “Reading Romans 13 with Simone Weil: Toward a More Generous Hermeneutic.” According to the abstract,

Simone Weil’s interpretation of the Iliad as a “poem of force” has resonances with Rom 1–8, reinforcing the question of how Rom 13:1–7 belongs in the larger argument of Romans. Seeking a generous reading of 13:1–7 along the lines of the generosity Weil extends to the Iliad, I first take Pharaoh as an example of Paul’s understanding of the relationship between God and human rulers and then propose that Paul’s treatment of human rulers coheres with his refusal in this letter to reify lines between “insider” and “outsider.” I conclude with a reflection on the need for generosity in scholarly research and pedagogy.

For the article’s full text, please see JBL in print or online. I’ve now added it too to the Romans bibliography also.

Journal of Biblical Literature 134, no. 1

The latest issue of the Journal of Biblical Literature includes:

  • Athalya Brenner-Idan, “Introduction to the Presidential Address”
  • Fernando F. Segovia, “Presidential Address: Criticism in Critical Times: Reflections on Vision and Task”
  • Duane E. Smith, “The Divining Snake: Reading Genesis 3 in the Context of Mesopotamian Ophiomancy”
  • David E. S. Stein, “A Rejoinder concerning Genesis 3:6 and the NJPS Translation”
  • Murray H. Lichtenstein, “The Fearsome Sword of Genesis 3:24”
  • Kerry D. Lee, “Two Translations of HSS V 67 and Their Significance for Genesis 16, 21, and 30”
  • Ken Brown, “Vengeance and Vindication in Numbers 31”
  • Orly Keren and Hagit Taragan, “Merab, Saul’s Mute and Muffled Daughter”
  • Joshua Bermanz, “The Legal Blend in Biblical Narrative (Joshua 20:1–9, Judges 6:25–31, 1 Samuel 15:2, 28:3–25, 2 Kings 4:1–7, Jeremiah 34:12–17, Nehemiah 5:1–12)”
  • John B. Whitley, “עיפה in Amos 4:13: New Evidence for the Yahwistic Incorporation of Ancient Near Eastern Solar Imagery”
  • Warren Carter, “Cross-Gendered Romans and Mark’s Jesus: Legion Enters the Pigs (Mark 5:1–20)”
  • David Lertis Matson, “Pacifist Jesus? The (Mis)Translation of ἐᾶτε ἓως τούτου in Luke 22:51”
  • Daniel Lynwood Smith, “Interrupted Speech in Luke-Acts”
  • Ryan S. Schellenberg, “The First Pauline Chronologist? Paul’s Itinerary in the Letters and in Acts”
  • Jennifer A. Glancy, “The Sexual Use of Slaves: A Response to Kyle Harper on Jewish and Christian Porneia

Journal of Biblical Literature 133, no. 2

The Journal of Biblical Literature 133, no. 2 includes:

  • Joram Mayshar, “Who Was the Toshav?”
  • Amitai Baruchi-Unna, “Two Clearings of Goats (1 Kings 20:27): An Interpretation Supported by an Akkadian Parallel”
  • Ryan E. Stokes, “Satan, Yhwh’s Executioner”
  • Saul M. Olyan, “Jehoiakim’s Dehumanizing Interment as a Ritual Act of Reclassification”
  • John L. McLaughlin, “Is Amos (Still) among the Wise?”
  • Christine Mitchell, “A Note on the Creation Formula in Zechariah 12:1–8; Isaiah 42:5–6; and Old Persian Inscriptions”
  • Kristian Larsson, “Intertextual Density, Quantifying Imitation”
  • J. R. Daniel Kirk and Stephen L. Young, “‘I Will Set His Hand to the Sea’: Psalm 88:26 LXX and Christology in Mark”
  • Jennifer Knust and Tommy Wasserman, “The Biblical Odes and the Text of the Christian Bible: A Reconsideration of the Impact of Liturgical Singing on the Transmission of the Gospel of Luke”
  • Brittany E. Wilson, “The Blinding of Paul and the Power of God:Masculinity, Sight, and Self-Control in Acts 9”
  • Brice C. Jones, ”Three New Coptic Papyrus Fragments of 2 Timothy and Titus (P.Mich. inv. 3535b)”
  • Nicola Denzey Lewis and Justine Ariel Blount, “Rethinking the Origins of the Nag Hammadi Codices”

This issue also introduces the “JBL Forum,” which is intended to provide “an occasional series that will highlight approaches, points of
view, and even definitions of ‘biblical scholarship’ that may be outside the usual purview of many of our readers. The format may vary from time to time but will always include an exchange of ideas on the matter at hand” (pg. 421). This issue’s forum includes:

  • Ronald Hendel, “Mind the Gap: Modern and Postmodern in Biblical Studies”
  • Stephen D. Moore, “Watch the Target: A Post-Postmodernist Response to Ronald Hendel”
  • Peter Miscall, George Aichele, and Richard Walsh, “Response to Ron Hendel”

Journal of Biblical Literature 132, no. 3

The upcoming issue of the Journal of Biblical Literature is set to include the following:

  • Mark F. Whitters, “Baruch as Ezra in 2 Baruch
  • Brian R. Doak, “Ezekiel’s Topography of the (Un-)Heroic Dead in Ezekiel 32:17–32”
  • Ruth Sheridan, “Issues in the Translation of оἱ ̓Iоυαῖоι in the Fourth Gospel”
  • Andrew T. Lincoln, “Luke and Jesus’ Conception: A Case of Double Paternity?”
  • Daniel Frayer-Griggs, “Spittle, Clay, and Creation in John 9:6 and Some Dead Sea Scrolls”
  • Timothy M. Willis, “The Curious Case of κυριε μоυ κυριε in 2 Kingdoms 7:18–29″
  • Greg Goswell, “The Eschatology of Malachi after Zechariah 14”
  • Bennie H. Reynolds, “The Expression המד דין in the Hebrew Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Legacy of the Holiness School in Essene Legal Texts”
  • T. C. Ham, “The Gentle Voice of God in Job 38”
  • Andrew R. Davis, “The Literary Effect of Gender Discord in the Book of Ruth”
  • Robert D. Holmstedt, “The Nexus between Textual Criticism and Linguistics: A Case Study from Leviticus”
  • Naphtali S. Meshel, “Toward a Grammar of Sacrifice: Hierarchic Patterns in the Israelite Sacrificial System”
  • David G. Horrell, Bradley Arnold, and Travis B. Williams, “Visuality, Vivid Description, and the Message of 1 Peter: The Significance of the Roaring Lion (1 Peter 5:8)”

Journal of Biblical Literature 132, no. 2

The next issue of the Journal of Biblical Literature is set to include:

  • C. L. Seow, “An Exquisitely Poetic Introduction to the Psalter”
  • Mark Leuchter, “Genesis 38 in Social and Historical Perspective”
  • Brian C. Dennert, “Hanukkah and the Testimony of Jesus’ Works (John 10:22–39)”
  • Joshua Berman, “Histories Twice Told: Deuteronomy 1–3 and the Hittite Treaty Prologue Tradition”
  • Jeremy Schipper, “Interpreting the Lamb Imagery in Isaiah 53”
  • Alicia D. Myers, “‘Jesus Said to Them…’: The Adaptation of Juridical Rhetoric in John 5:19-47”
  • Alexander E. Stewart, “Narrative World, Rhetorical Logic, and the Voice of the Author in 4 Ezra
  • Matthew Thiessen, “Revisiting the πρoσηλυτoς in ‘the LXX'”
  • Thomas R. Blanton, “Saved by Obedience: Matthew 1:21 in Light of Jesus’ Teaching on the Torah”
  • Yitzhaq Feder, “The Aniconic Tradition, Deuteronomy 4, and the Politics of Israelite Identity”
  • Eric D. Reymond, “The Meanings of ‘Life’ in the Hebrew of Ben Sira”
  • Michael Bartos; Bernard M. Levinson, “‘This Is the Manner of the Remission’: Implicit Legal Exegesis in 11QMelchizedek as a Response to the Formation of the Torah”
  • Amy Erickson, “‘Without My Flesh I Will See God’: Job’s Rhetoric of the Body”
  • Troy W. Martin, “Περβoλαιoν as ‘Testicle’ in 1 Corinthians 11:15: A Response to Mark Goodacre”

Journal of Biblical Literature 132, no. 1

The latest issue of the Journal of Biblical Literature includes:

  • John Dominic Crossan, “A Vision of Divine Justice: The Resurrection of Jesus in Eastern Christian Iconography”
  • Jill Hicks-Keeton, “Already/Not Yet: Eschatological Tension in the Book of Tobit”
  • Shane Berg, “Ben Sira, the Genesis Creation Accounts, and the Knowledge of God’s Will”
  • Seth Bledsoe, “Can Ahiqar Tell Us Anything about Personified Wisdom?”
  • Richard Steiner, “Four Inner-Biblical Interpretations of Genesis 49:10: On the Lexical and Syntactic Ambiguities of עַד as Reflected in the Prophecies of Nathan, Ahijah, Ezekiel, and Zechariah”
  • Richard Hicks, “Markan Discipleship according to Malachi: The Significance of μὴ ἀποστερήσῃς in the Story of the Rich Man (Mark 10:17-22)”
  • David Moffitt and Jacob Butera, “P. Duk. inv. 727r: New Evidence for the Meaning and Provenance of the Word Προσήλυτος”
  • Ronald Troxel, “The Problem of Time in Joel”
  • Jonathan Stökl, “The מתנבאות in Ezekiel 13 Reconsidered”

Journal of Biblical Literature 131, no. 4

The latest issue of the Journal of Biblical Literature includes:

  • Jonathan Kaplan, “1 Samuel 8:11-18 as ‘A Mirror for Princes'”
  • Nizzim Amzallag and Mikhal Avriel, “The Cryptic Meaning of the Isaiah 14 Māšāl
  • Mark Hamilton, “Isaiah 32 as Literature and Political Meditation”
  • Mark Awabdy, “Yhwh Exegetes Torah: How Ezekiel 44:7–9 Bars Foreigners from the Sanctuary”
  • Christian Stadel, “A Septuagint Translation Tradition and the Samaritan Targum to Genesis 41:43″
  • John Meier, “The Parable of the Wheat and the Weeds (Matthew 13:24–30): Is Thomas‘s Version (Logion 57) Independent?”
  • Andrew Simmonds, “Mark’s and Matthew’s Sub Rosa Message in the Scene of Pilate and the Crowd”
  • Matthew Rindge, “Reconfiguring the Akedah and Recasting God: Lament and Divine Abandonment in Mark”
  • Benjamin Lappenga, “Misdirected Emulation and Paradoxical Zeal: Paul’s Redefinition of ‘The Good’ as Object of ζῆλος in Galatians 4:12–20”
  • Callie Callon, “Secondary Characters Furthering Characterization: The Depiction of Slaves in the Acts of Peter

Journal of Biblical Literature 131, no. 3

The latest issue of the Journal of Biblical Literature includes:

  • Serge Frolov, “Judah Comes to Shiloh: Genesis 49:10bα, One More Time”
  • Philip Y. Yoo, “The Four Moses Death Accounts”
  • Brian P. Irwin, “Not Just Any King: Abimelech, the Northern Monarchy, and the Final Form of Judges”
  • Benjamin J. M. Johnson, “The Heart of YHWH’s Chosen One in 1 Samuel”
  • Martien A. Halvorson-Taylor, “Secrets and Lies: Secrecy Notices (Esther 2:10, 20) and Diasporic Identity in the Book of Esther”
  • Ryan M. Armstrong, “Psalms Dwelling Together in Unity: The Placement of Psalms 133 and 134 in Two Different Psalms Collections”
  • Ryan P. Bonfiglio, “Archer Imagery in Zechariah 9:11-17 in Light of Achaemenid Iconography”
  • Robert K. McIver, “Eyewitnesses as Guarantors of the Accuracy of the Gospel Traditions in the Light of Psychological Research”
  • Joshua W. Jipp, “Paul’s Areopagus Speech of Acts 17:16-34 as Both Critique and Propaganda”
  • John K. Goodrich, “Voluntary Debt Remission and the Parable of the Unjust Steward (Luke 16:1-13)”
  • Curtis Hutt, “‘Be Ye Approved Money Changers!’: Reexamining the Social Contexts of the Saying and Its Interpretation”

Journal of Biblical Literature 131, no. 2

The Journal of Biblical Literature 131, no. 2 includes:

  • Morten H. Jensen, “Climate, Droughts, Wars, and Famines in Galilee as a Background for Understanding the Historical Jesus”
  • James M. Trotter, “Death of the אלהים in Psalm 82”
  • Molly M. Zahn, “Genre and Rewritten Scripture: A Reassessment”
  • Michael M. Winter, “Interlopers Reunited: The Early Translators of Ben Sira”
  • Joel Marcus, “Israel and the Church in the Exegetical Writings of Hippolytus”
  • Dustin W. Ellington, “Not Applicable to Believers? The Aims and Basis of Paul’s ‘I’ in 2 Corinthians 10–13”
  • Kyle Harper, “Porneia: The Making of a Christian Sexual Norm”
  • Konrad Schmid, “The Canon and the Cult: The Emergence of Book Religion in Ancient Israel and the Gradual Sublimation of the Temple Cult”
  • David Janzen, “The Condemnation of David’s ‘Taking’ in 2 Samuel 12:1–14”
  • Victor Rhee, “The Role of Chiasm for Understanding Christology in Hebrews 1:1–14”
  • Arie Shifman, “‘A Scent’ of the Spirit: Exegesis of an Enigmatic Verse (Isaiah 11:3)”